Category: OS Windows and Tips Tricks

Useful RUN commands for windows

Want to know how to run the below commands,

It’s easy to run commands in windows and access the windows applications and services in a few seconds instead accessing from the programs. Some of the services we can’t access even from programs and we have to use the below commands in order to access those. Hope this helps 🙂

To run these commands just go to Start—>Run—>Enter the command given below (For Eg: control admintools and windows administrative tools wizard will be opened)

Accessibility Controls access.cpl
Add Hardware Wizard hdwwiz.cpl
Add/Remove Programs appwiz.cpl
Administrative Tools control admintools
Automatic Updates wuaucpl.cpl
Calculator calc
Certificate Manager certmgr.msc
Character Map charmap
Check Disk Utility chkdsk
Clipboard Viewer clipbrd
Command Prompt cmd
Component Services dcomcnfg
Computer Management compmgmt.msc
Date and Time Properties timedate.cpl
DDE Shares ddeshare
Device Manager devmgmt.msc
Direct X Control Panel (If Installed)* directx.cpl
Direct X Troubleshooter dxdiag
Disk Cleanup Utility cleanmgr
Disk Defragment dfrg.msc
Disk Management diskmgmt.msc
Disk Partition Manager diskpart
Display Properties control desktop
Display Properties desk.cpl
Display Properties (w/Appearance Tab Preselected) control color
Dr. Watson System Troubleshooting Utility drwtsn32
Driver Verifier Utility  verifier
Event Viewer eventvwr.msc
File Signature Verification Tool sigverif
Findfast findfast.cpl
Folders Properties control folders
Fonts control fonts
Fonts Folder fonts
Free Cell Card Game freecell
Game Controllers joy.cpl
Group Policy Editor (XP Prof) gpedit.msc
Hearts Card Game mshearts
Iexpress Wizard  iexpress
Indexing Service ciadv.msc
Internet Properties  inetcpl.cpl
IP Configuration (Display Connection Configuration)  ipconfig /all
IP Configuration (Display DNS Cache Contents)  ipconfig /displaydns
IP Configuration (Delete DNS Cache Contents)  ipconfig /flushdns
IP Configuration (Release All Connections)  ipconfig /release
IP Configuration (Renew All Connections)  ipconfig /renew
IP Configuration (Refreshes DHCP & Re-Registers DNS)  ipconfig /registerdns
IP Configuration (Display DHCP Class ID)  ipconfig /showclassid
IP Configuration (Modifies DHCP Class ID)  ipconfig /setclassid
Java Control Panel (If Installed) jpicpl32.cpl
Java Control Panel (If Installed)  javaws
Keyboard Properties  control keyboard
Local Security Settings secpol.msc
Local Users and Groups lusrmgr.msc
Logs You Out Of Windows logoff
Microsoft Chat winchat
Minesweeper Game winmine
Mouse Properties control mouse
Mouse Properties  main.cpl
Network Connections control netconnections
Network Connections ncpa.cpl
Network Setup Wizard netsetup.cpl
Notepad notepad
Nview Desktop Manager(If Installed)  nvtuicpl.cpl
Object Packager packager
ODBC Data Source Administrator  odbccp32.cpl
On Screen Keyboard osk
Opens AC3 Filter (If Installed) ac3filter.cpl
Password Properties  password.cpl
Performance Monitor perfmon.msc
Performance Monitor  perfmon
Phone and Modem Options  telephon.cpl
Power Configuration powercfg.cpl
Printers and Faxes  control printers
Printers Folder  printers
Private Character Editor eudcedit
Quicktime (If Installed) QuickTime.cpl
Regional Settings intl.cpl
Registry Editor regedit
Registry Editor  regedit32
Remote Desktop mstsc
Removable Storage ntmsmgr.msc
Removable Storage Operator Requests  ntmsoprq.msc
Resultant Set of Policy (XP Prof) rsop.msc
Scanners and Cameras sticpl.cpl
Scheduled Tasks control schedtasks
SecurityCenter wscui.cpl
Services  services.msc
Shared Folders fsmgmt.msc
Shuts Down Windows shutdown
Sounds and Audio mmsys.cpl
Spider Solitare Card Game spider
SQL Client Configuration  cliconfg
System Configuration Editor sysedit
System Configuration Utility msconfig
System File Checker Utility (Scan Immediately) sfc /scannow
System File Checker Utility (Scan Once At Next Boot) sfc /scanonce
System File Checker Utility (Scan On Every Boot) sfc /scanboot
System File Checker Utility (Return to Default Setting)  sfc /revert
System File Checker Utility (Purge File Cache) sfc /purgecache
System File Checker Utility (Set Cache Size to size x) sfc /cachesize=x
System Properties  sysdm.cpl
Task Manager  taskmgr
Telnet Client  telnet
User Account Management  nusrmgr.cpl
Utility Manager  utilman
Windows Firewall  firewall.cpl
Windows Magnifier magnify
Windows Management Infrastructure  wmimgmt.msc
Windows System Security Tool syskey
Windows Update Launches  wupdmgr
Windows XP Tour Wizard tourstart
Wordpad write


BIOS and its Beep Codes

Standard Original IBM POST Error Codes

Code Description

1 short beep System is OK

2 short beeps POST Error – error code shown on screen No beep Power supply or system board problem Continuous beep Power supply, system board, or keyboard problem Repeating short beeps Power supply or system board problem

1 long, 1 short beep System board problem

1 long, 2 short beeps Display adapter problem (MDA, CGA)

1 long, 3 short beeps Display adapter problem (EGA)

3 long beeps 3270 keyboard card

IBM POST Diagnostic Code Descriptions

Code Description

100 – 199 System Board

200 – 299 Memory

300 – 399 Keyboard

400 – 499 Monochrome Display

500 – 599 Colour/Graphics Display

600 – 699 Floppy-disk drive and/or Adapter

700 – 799 Math Coprocessor

900 – 999 Parallel Printer Port

1000 – 1099 Alternate Printer Adapter

1100 – 1299 Asynchronous Communication Device, Adapter, or Port

1300 – 1399GamePort

1400 – 1499 Colour/Graphics Printer

1500 – 1599 Synchronous Communication Device, Adapter, or Port

1700 – 1799 Hard Drive and/or Adapter

1800 – 1899 Expansion Unit (XT)

2000 – 2199 Bisynchronous Communication Adapter

2400 – 2599 EGA system-board Video (MCA)

3000 – 3199 LAN Adapter

4800 – 4999 Internal Modem

7000 – 7099PhoenixBIOS Chips

7300 – 7399 3.5″ Disk Drive

8900 – 8999MIDIAdapter

11200 – 11299 SCSI Adapter

21000 – 21099 SCSI Fixed Disk and Controller

21500 – 21599 SCSI CD-ROM System

AMI BIOS Beep Codes

Code Description

1 Short Beep System OK

2 Short Beeps Parity error in the first 64 KB of memory

3 Short Beeps Memory failure in the first 64 KB

4 Short Beeps Memory failure in the first 64 KB Operational of memory

or Timer 1 on the motherboard is not functioning

5 Short Beeps The CPU on the motherboard generated an error

6 Short Beeps The keyboard controller may be bad. The BIOS cannot switch to protected mode

7 Short Beeps The CPU generated an exception interrupt

8 Short Beeps The system video adapter is either missing, or its memory is faulty

9 Short Beeps The ROM checksum value does not match the value encoded in the BIOS

10 Short Beeps The shutdown register for CMOS RAM failed

11 Short Beeps The external cache is faulty

1 Long, 3 Short Beeps Memory Problems

1 Long, 8 Short Beeps Video Card Problems

 

PhoenixBIOS Beep Codes

Note – Phoenix BIOS emits three sets of beeps, separated by a brief pause.

Code Description

1-1-3CMOS read/write failure

1-1-4ROM BIOS checksum error

1-2-1Programmable interval timer failure

1-2-2DMA initialisation failure

1-2-3DMA page register read/write failure

1-3-1RAM refresh verification failure

1-3-3First 64k RAM chip or data line failure

1-3-4First 64k RAM odd/even logic failure

1-4-1Address line failure first 64k RAM

1-4-2Parity failure first 64k RAM

2-_-_ Faulty Memory

3-1-_ Faulty Motherboard

3-2-4Keyboard controller Test failure

3-3-4Screen initialisation failure

3-4-1Screen retrace test failure

3-4-2Search for video ROM in progress

4-2-1Timer tick interrupt in progress or failure

4-2-2Shutdown test in progress or failure

4-2-3Gate A20 failure

4-2-4Unexpected interrupt in protected mode

4-3-1RAM test in progress or failure>ffffh

4-3-2Faulty Motherboard

4-3-3Interval timer channel 2 test or failure

4-3-4Time of Day clock test failure

4-4-1Serial port test or failure

4-4-2Parallel port test or failure

4-4-3Math coprocessor test or failure

Low1-1-2System Board select failure

Low1-1-3Extended CMOS RAM failure


keyboard ShortCuts

For Real Windows Newbie’s here you go…
Shortcuts What it does?
CTRL+C Copy
CTRL+X Cut
CTRL+V Paste
CTRL+Z Undo
DELETE Delete
SHIFT+DELETE Delete the selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin
CTRL while dragging an item Copy the selected item
CTRL+SHIFT while dragging an item Create a shortcut to the selected item
F2 key Rename the selected item
CTRL+RIGHT ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word
CTRL+LEFT ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word
CTRL+DOWN ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph
CTRL+UP ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph
CTRL+SHIFT with any of the arrow keys Highlight a block of text
SHIFT with any of the arrow keys Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text in a document
CTRL+A Select all
F3 key Search for a file or a folder
ALT+ENTER View the properties for the selected item
ALT+F4 Close the active item, or quit the active program
ALT+ENTER Display the properties of the selected object
ALT+SPACEBAR Open the shortcut menu for the active window
CTRL+F4 Close the active document in programs that enable you to have multiple documents open simultaneously
ALT+TAB Switch between the open items
ALT+ESC Cycle through items in the order that they had been opened
F6 key Cycle through the screen elements in a window or on the desktop
F4 key Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer
SHIFT+F10 Display the shortcut menu for the selected item
ALT+SPACEBAR Display the System menu for the active window
CTRL+ESC Display the Start menu
ALT+Underlined letter in a menu name Display the corresponding menu
Underlined letter in a command name on an open menu Perform the corresponding command
F10 key Activate the menu bar in the active program
RIGHT ARROW Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu
LEFT ARROW Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu
F5 key Update the active window
BACKSPACE View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer
ESC Cancel the current task
SHIFT when you insert a CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive Prevent the CD-ROM from automatically playing
Dialog Box Keyboard Shortcuts
Shortcuts What it does?
CTRL+TAB Move forward through the tabs
CTRL+SHIFT+TAB Move backward through the tabs
TAB Move forward through the options
SHIFT+TAB Move backward through the options
ALT+Underlined letter Perform the corresponding command or select the corresponding option
ENTER Perform the command for the active option or button
SPACEBAR Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box
Arrow keys Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons
F1 key Display Help
F4 key Display the items in the active list
BACKSPACE Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box
Microsoft Natural Keyboard Shortcuts
Shortcuts What it Does?
Windows Logo Display or hide the Start menu
Windows Logo+BREAK Display the System Properties dialog box
Windows Logo+D Display the desktop
Windows Logo+M Minimize all of the windows
Windows Logo+SHIFT+M Restore the minimized windows
Windows Logo+E Open My Computer
Windows Logo+F Search for a file or a folder
CTRL+Windows Logo+F Search for computers
Windows Logo+F1 Display Windows Help
Windows Logo+ L Lock the keyboard
Windows Logo+R Open the Run dialog box
Windows Logo+U Open Utility Manager
Accessibility Keyboard Shortcuts
Shortcuts What it Does?
Right SHIFT for eight seconds Switch FilterKeys either on or off
Left ALT+left SHIFT+PRINT SCREEN Switch High Contrast either on or off
Left ALT+left SHIFT+NUM LOCK Switch the MouseKeys either on or off
SHIFT five times Switch the StickyKeys either on or off
NUM LOCK for five seconds Switch the ToggleKeys either on or off
Windows Logo +U Open Utility Manager
Windows Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts
Shortcuts What it Does?
END Display the bottom of the active window
HOME Display the top of the active window
NUM LOCK+Asterisk sign (*) Display all of the subfolders that are under the selected folder
NUM LOCK+Plus sign (+) Display the contents of the selected folder
NUM LOCK+Minus sign (-) Collapse the selected folder
LEFT ARROW Collapse the current selection if it is expanded, or select the parent folder
RIGHT ARROW Display the current selection if it is collapsed, or select the first subfolder
Shortcut Keys for Character Map
After you double-click a character on the grid of characters, you can move through the grid by using the keyboard shortcuts:
Shortcuts What it Does?
RIGHT ARROW Move to the right or to the beginning of the next line
LEFT ARROW Move to the left or to the end of the previous line
UP ARROW Move up one row
DOWN ARROW Move down one row
PAGE UP Move up one screen at a time
PAGE DOWN Move down one screen at a time
HOME Move to the beginning of the line
END Move to the end of the line
CTRL+HOME Move to the first character
CTRL+END Move to the last character
SPACEBAR Switch between Enlarged and Normal mode when a character is selected
Microsoft Management Console (MMC) Main Window Keyboard Shortcuts
Shortcuts What it Does?
CTRL+O Open a saved console
CTRL+N Open a new console
CTRL+S Save the open console
CTRL+M Add or remove a console item
CTRL+W Open a new window
F5 key Update the content of all console windows
ALT+SPACEBAR Display the MMC window menu
ALT+F4 Close the console
ALT+A Display the Action menu
ALT+V Display the View menu
ALT+F Display the File menu
ALT+O Display the Favorites menu
MMC Console Window Keyboard Shortcuts
Shortcuts What it Does?
CTRL+P Print the current page or active pane
ALT+Minus sign (-) Display the window menu for the active console window
SHIFT+F10 Display the Action shortcut menu for the selected item
F1 key Open the Help topic, if any, for the selected item
F5 key Update the content of all console windows
CTRL+F10 Maximize the active console window
CTRL+F5 Restore the active console window
ALT+ENTER Display the Properties dialog box, if any, for the selected item
F2 key Rename the selected item
CTRL+F4 Close the active console window. When a console has only one console window, this shortcut closes the console
Remote Desktop Connection Navigation
Shortcuts What it Does?
CTRL+ALT+END Open the Microsoft Windows NT Security dialog box
ALT+PAGE UP Switch between programs from left to right
ALT+PAGE DOWN Switch between programs from right to left
ALT+INSERT Cycle through the programs in most recently used order
ALT+HOME Display the Start menu
CTRL+ALT+BREAK Switch the client computer between a window and a full screen
ALT+DELETE Display the Windows menu
CTRL+ALT+Minus sign (-) Place a snapshot of the active window in the client on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.
CTRL+ALT+Plus sign (+) Place a snapshot of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing ALT+PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.
Microsoft Internet Explorer Navigation
Shortcuts What it Does?
CTRL+B Open the Organize Favorites dialog box
CTRL+E Open the Search bar
CTRL+F Start the Find utility
CTRL+H Open the History bar
CTRL+I Open the Favorites bar
CTRL+L Open the Open dialog box
CTRL+N Start another instance of the browser with the same Web address
CTRL+O Open the Open dialog box, the same as CTRL+L
CTRL+P Open the Print dialog box
CTRL+R Update the current Web page
CTRL+W Close the current window

Computer Acronyms

A
ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
AGP Accelerated Graphics Port
ALI Acer Labs, Incorporated
ALU Arithmetic Logic Unit
AMD Advanced Micro Devices
APC American Power Conversion
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASIC Application Specific Integrated Circuit
ASPI Advanced SCSI Programming Interface
AT Advanced Technology
ATI ATI Technologies Inc.
ATX Advanced Technology Extended
— B —
BFG BFG Technologies
BIOS Basic Input Output System
BNC Barrel Nut Connector
— C —
CAS Column Address Signal
CD Compact Disk
CDR Compact Disk Recorder
CDRW Compact Disk Re-Writer
CD-ROM Compact Disk – Read Only Memory
CFM Cubic Feet per Minute (ft/min)
CMOS Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
CPU Central Processing Unit
CTX CTX Technology Corporation (Commited to Excellence)
— D —
DDR Double Data Rate
DDR-SDRAM Double Data Rate – Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
DFI DFI Inc. (Design for Innovation)
DIMM Dual Inline Memory Module
DRAM Dynamic Random Access Memory
DPI Dots Per Inch
DSL See ASDL
DVD Digital Versatile Disc
DVD-RAM Digital Versatile Disk – Random Access Memory
— E —
ECC Error Correction Code
ECS Elitegroup Computer Systems
EDO Extended Data Out
EEPROM Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EPROM Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EVGA EVGA Corporation
— F —
FC-PGA  Flip Chip Pin Grid Array
FDC  Floppy Disk Controller
FDD Floppy Disk Drive
FPS Frame Per Second
FPU  Floating Point Unit
FSAA Full Screen Anti-Aliasing
FS  For Sale
FSB Front Side Bus
— G —
GB Gigabytes
GBps Gigabytes per second or Gigabits per second
GDI Graphical Device Interface
GHz  GigaHertz
— H —
HDD  Hard Disk Drive
HIS  Hightech Information System Limited
HP  Hewlett-Packard Development Company
HSF Heatsink-Fan
— I —
IBM  International Business Machines Corporation
IC  Integrated Circuit
IDE Integrated Drive Electronics
IFS Item for Sale
IRQ  Interrupt Request
ISA Industry Standard Architecture
ISO  International Standards Organization
— J —
JBL JBL (Jame B. Lansing) Speakers
JVC JVC Company of America
– K —
Kbps  Kilobits Per Second
KBps  KiloBytes per second
— L —
LG  LG Electronics
LAN  Local Are Network
LCD Liquid Crystal Display
LDT  Lightning Data Transport
LED  Light Emitting Diode
— M —
MAC  Media Access Control
MB  MotherBoard or Megabyte
MBps  Megabytes Per Second
Mbps  Megabits Per Second or Megabits Per Second
MHz  MegaHertz
MIPS  Million Instructions Per Second
MMX Multi-Media Extensions
MSI Micro Star International
— N —
NAS  Network Attached Storage
NAT  Network Address Translation
NEC  NEC Corporation
NIC  Network Interface Card
— O —
OC  Overclock (Over Clock)
OCZ  OCZ Technology
OEM  Original Equipment Manufacturer
— P —
PC  Personal Computer
PCB  Printed Circuit Board
PCI  Peripheral Component Interconnect
PDA  Personal Digital Assistant
PCMCIA  Peripheral Component Microchannel Interconnect Architecture
PGA  Professional Graphics Array
PLD  Programmable Logic Device
PM  Private Message / Private Messaging
PnP  Plug ‘n Play
PNY PNY Technology
POST Power On Self Test
PPPoA Point-to-Point Protocol over ATM
PPPoE  Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet
PQI  PQI Corporation
PSU  Power Supply Unit
— R —
RAID  Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks
RAM  Random Access Memory
RAMDAC  Random Access Memory Digital Analog Convertor
RDRAM  Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory
ROM  Read Only Memory
RPM  Revolutions Per Minute
— S —
SASID  Self-scanned Amorphous Silicon Integrated Display
SCA  SCSI Configured Automatically
SCSI  Small Computer System Interface
SDRAM  Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
SECC  Single Edge Contact
SECC Single Edge Contact Connector
SODIMM  Small Outline Dual Inline Memory Module
SPARC  Scalable Processor ArChitecture
SOHO  Small Office Home Office
SRAM Static Random Access Memory
SSE  Streaming SIMD Extensions
SVGA Super Video Graphics Array
S/PDIF  Sony/Philips Digital Interface
— T —
TB  Terabytes
TBps  Terabytes per second
Tbps  Terabits per second
TDK  TDK Electronics
TEC  Thermoelectric Cooler
TPC  TipidPC
TWAIN  Technology Without An Important Name
— U —
UART  Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
USB  Universal Serial Bus
UTP  Unshieled Twisted Pair
— V —
VCD Video CD
VPN  Virtual Private Network
— W —
WAN  Wide Area Network
WTB  Want to Buy
WYSIWYG  What You See Is What You Get
— X —
XGA  Extended Graphics Array
XFX  XFX Graphics, a Division of Pine
XMS  Extended Memory Specification
XT Extended Technology